Republic Act No. 10368

The Human Rights Violations Victims’ Memorial Commission (HRVVMC) was created by Republic Act No. 10368, also known as “An Act Providing for Reparation and Recognition of Victims of Human Rights Violations during the Marcos Regime, Documentation of Said Violations, Appropriating Funds Therefor and For Other Purposes” particularly in Section 27 which states “the establishment, restoration, preservation and conservation of the Memorial/Museum/Library/Compendium in honor of the HRVVs (Human Rights Violations Victims’) during the Marcos regime.”

About R.A. 10368

The Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act, also known as R.A. 10368, recognizes and provides reparations to victims of human rights violations (HRVs) during the Martial Law administration of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos (1972-1986). It provides that the state recognizes the heroism and sacrifices of Filipinos who became victims of HRVs during the period, and acknowledges its moral and legal obligation to recognize and provide reparations to them and their families thereto.

Please see full text of  R.A. 10368 in PDF

Brief Historical Background:

From the declaration of Martial Law in 1972 until his ouster during the People Power Revolution, the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos has been well-documented with cases of human rights violations perpetrated across various sectors of Philippine Society. Such incidents were painstakingly documented by Human Rights Groups such as Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP) and Amnesty International, as well as Organized Legal Groups such as the Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG), the Movement of Attorneys for Brotherhood Integrity and Nationalism (MABINI), and the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), and Religious Organizations like the Association of Major Religious Superiors in the Philippines (AMRSP) and the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP). These were further affirmed in 1995 when the United States District Court in Hawaii concluded that Marcos was personally responsible for human rights abuses perpetrated by state forces from 1972-1986.

Soon after, in 1997, the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland determined that a majority of Marcos Foundation Assets in Swiss Banks were also of criminal origin. This was realized with the efforts of the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) – which was established to recover the ill-gotten wealth accumulated by Ferdinand Marcos, his family and close associates. The Swiss Government permitted the return of these assets to the Philippine Government on two conditions:

1. The confiscation or repayment of the assets in question should be handled through judicial proceedings complying with principles of the International Civil and Political Rights Pact.

2. The Phillippine government should regularly brief Swiss authorities on the same proceedings, as well as on precautions and procedures pertaining to compensations for victims of violations of human rights under the Marcos regime.  The Phillippine government should regularly brief Swiss authorities on the same proceedings, as well as on precautions and procedures pertaining to compensations for victims of violations of human rights under the Marcos regime. 

The verdict of the Swiss Federal Court was verified by the Supreme Court of the Philippines in 2003, which affirmed the conditions proposed thereto and enabled the transfer of the questioned assets to the Philippine National bank. 

As further legal actions commenced to enforce this ruling, legislators in congress sought to organize a mechanism by which victims of state-perpetrated abuses during the 1972-1986 period could be both recognized and given reparations for the damages they had suffered. Various bills calling for the compensation of victims and memorialization of the period were initiated shortly after the Philippine Supreme Court’s ruling, sponsored by various congressmen as early as 2004. Finally, through House Bill No. 5990 and Senate Bill No. 3334, the Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act was consolidated and enacted into law on February 25, 2013 on the 27th Anniversary of the People Power Revolution.

Creation of Government Agencies

Under Republic Act No. 10368, the Philippine Government recognizes that there were victims of summary execution, torture, enforced or involuntary disappearance and other gross human rights violations committed during the regime of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos between September 21, 1972 to February 25, 1986. The same law also provides for monetary and non-monetary reparations for identified victims, sourced from 10,000,000.00 Dollars which form part of the funds transferred by the Federal Court of Switzerland to the Republic of the Philippines and adjudged by the Supreme Court as Marcos ill-gotten wealth.

Two government agencies to fulfill its mandate:

The Human Rights Victims’ Claims Board (HRVCB)

The HRVCB was an independent quasi-judicial body which received, evaluated, processed and investigated claims of Human Rights Violations under the Marcos Administration from 1972-1986. It was composed of members who bore a deep and thorough understanding and knowledge of human rights, involvement in efforts against HRVs committed during the period, and of highly experienced legal practice – including members of the Philippine Bar engaged in the practice of law for more than ten (10) years. 

The HRVCB was mandated by law to conduct its objectives 2014 to 2018 – its operations having been extended through R.A. 10766 – before being declared functus officio. In total, the Board strictly examined 75,749 applications filed by any and all persons who claimed that their rights had been violated during the period. Each application and their attached documents were adjudicated by lawyers and legal assistants distributed across three divisions. Facts were also cross-referenced by the Board’s researchers with documents from the Task Force Detainees of the Philippines, the Association of Major Religious Superiors in the Philippines, Amnesty International, and various other reports and databases. It was through this strenuous process that 11,103 were recognized as HRVVs.

The Human Rights Violations Victims’ Memorial Commission (HRVVMC)

The HRVVMC was created by R.A. 10368 to establish, restore, preserve and conserve Memorial, Museum, Library and Compendium in honor of the many HRVVs during the Marcos regime. It is also mandated to coordinate and collaborate with the Department of Education (DepED) and the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) to ensure that the teaching of Martial Law atrocities, the lives and sacrifices of HRVVs in our history are included in the basic, secondary and tertiary education curricula.

Its powers and functions are assumed by a Board of Trustees composed of the following:

  • Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) as Chairperson; 
  • Chairperson of the National Historical Commission (NHCP) as Co-Chairperson; 
  • Chairperson of the Commission Commission on Higher Education (CHED);
  • Chairperson of the National Commission on Culture and the Arts (NCCA);
  • Secretary of the Department of Education (DepEd); and 
  • Head of the University of the Philippines Diliman Main Library.



In solidarity with human rights violations victims we shall:

    • Establish a memorial, museum, library and compendium in honor of the human rights violations victims during the Marcos regime;
    • Collect, preserve and conserve relevant resources;
    • Ensure the learnings from the Martial Law atrocities, and the lives and sacrifices of the human right violations victims be included in the education curricula.



We are Human Rights Violations Victims’ Memorial Commission, an inter-agency body that serves as the most comprehensive and authoritative source of knowledge and information on human rights violations during the martial law period from 1972-1986 as our way of promoting good governance towards just, humane and democratic society.

Board of Trustees

The Board of Trustees shall have the authority to hire and appoint its officials and employees, receive donations and grants for and on its behalf, and generate revenues for the benefit of the Commission.

Pursuant to Republic Act no. 10368, the power and functions of the Commission shall be assumed by the Board of Trustees which shall be composed of the following:

Tap logo images below to see members of the Board of Trustees

Chito Gascon



Dr. Rene R. Escalante


Leonor Briones


J. Prospero E.
De Vera III


Arsenio J. Lizaso


Elvira B. Lapuz


Meet the Team


Carmelo Victor Crisanto

Carmelo Victor A. Crisanto earned his Bachelor of Science in Business Economics from the University of the Philippines, and his Masters in Development Management at the Asian Institute of Management. He has over three decades of experience serving in various roles in government and non-government agencies, which have contributed to his outstanding management and communication skills. Currently, he serves as the Executive Director of the Human Rights Violations Victims’ Memorial Commission, the agency mandated to memorialize the human rights victims of the of Martial Law during the 1972- 1986 period.


Viene Lorraine B. Cuya

Executive Assistant II

Reine Cuya is a graduate of the International Studies program of the De La Salle University - with a major in European Studies. She gained substantial experience as administrative officer at De La Salle and as legal assistant with the Human Right Victims Claims Board.

Niño D. Cuenco

Information Technology Officer I

Niño has had considerable experience as a IT systems analyst and specialist at the Department of Health. He possesses a Bachelor of Science in Information Technology from the STI College and advanced training from the DICT, National Privacy Commission, the Philippine Statistics Authority and other agencies.


Rickyricard P. Ong

Supply Officer II

Ricky holds a Bachelor of Secondary Education with a Major in Social Studies from the Arellano University in Manila. Before entering the Memorial Commission he had served nearly 11 years of dedicated government service, including 8 years focused on procurement and procedural guidelines. This includes deployment at the National Electrification Administration, Department of Social Welfare and Development, and the Philippine Information Agency.


Vanessa Gem T. Cordova

Archivist II

Vanessa is a Graduate of the University of the Philippines with a Bachelor of Library and Information Science. She is a member of the Commission on Archives and History (Quezon City Philippines), the Philippine Librarians Association Inc., the U.P. Library Science Alumni Association and the Society of Filipino Archivists. Her previous working experience includes duties as a Librarian and Records Manager for the Villanueva, Gabionza and Dy Law Offices.


Lorenzo Jose C. Martinez

History Researcher II

Lorenzo has worked with the Memorial Commission as a Research Assistant for the publication of the Tacbil Mosque Palimbang Massacre Reader. He is a Magna Cum Laude Graduate of the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy in U.P. Diliman. His Bachelor of Arts in History was obtained with a dissertation on the perception of Human Rights in the Diliman Community prior to and during the Martial Law Period under Ferdinand Marcos. Lorenzo is also an alumni of the U.P. Lipunang Pangkasaysayan.

Hazel Juris C. Domingo

History Researcher II

Hazel holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of the Philippines Diliman. Before working with the Memorial Commission she was involved as a University researcher on Historical Buildings at U.P. Manila.

Krisandra M. Mariano

Museum Researcher II

Krisandra is a Magna Cum Laude Graduate of the University of the Philippines with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Anthropology. She has assisted in qualitative research projects with the Australian National University and the University of California. Her Ethnographic and Linguistic research on the role of bamboo in the local culture of Barangay Gamata is also published in the Journal of the Ugnayang Pang-Aghamtao (UGAT) of the Anthropological Association of the Philippines.

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